Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

A (psychological) somatoform disorder in which the affected person is excessively concerned about and preoccupied by a perceived defect in his or her physical features (body image). Depending on the individual case, BDD may either be a somatoform disorder or part of an eating disorder or both: BDD always includes a debilitating or excessive fear of judgment by others, as is seen with social anxiety, social phobia and some OCD problems; or, alternately, it may be a part of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and compulsive overeating. The term “body dysmorphic disorder” itself describes only those excessive social-acceptance fears that relate to one’s personal body image. Depending on the individual, it may or may not also be part of one of these wider or related syndromes.