Alcohol/Drug dependency

Also known as “Substance Dependence”, is a pathological or abnormal condition, which arises due to frequent drug and/or alcohol use. The disorder of addiction involves the progression of acute drug and/or alcohol use to the development of drug-seeking behavior, the vulnerability to relapse, and the decreased, slowed ability to respond to naturally rewarding stimuli.

There are three stages of addiction: preoccupation/anticipation, binge/intoxication, and withdrawal/negative affect.

These stages are characterized, respectively, everywhere by constant cravings and preoccupation with obtaining the substance; using more of the substance than necessary to experience the intoxicating effects; and experiencing tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, and decreased motivation for normal life activities.